The earliest hints of landscape are already visible on the Neolithic rock paintings left by ancient people who lived where the sands of the Sahara desert are now located, but landscape painting experienced its heyday in the Renaissance. The great artists of that era – Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, El Greco – created their masterpieces in this genre. Their oil paintings were readily bought by European rulers. The word “landscape” comes from the French pays, which means “country”, “locality”. One can also recall the related, but rarely used word “peyzane” – these are the inhabitants of those pastoral, ideally beautiful landscapes that sing the beauty of the countryside and the harmony of life in the lap of nature. The creators of such original paintings sought to inspire those who admire their works, peace from simple life and charming landscapes.
Such art was especially popular in France and Italy of the XVII – XVIII centuries. It was so fashionable: even if the painter depicts a view of a real-life locale, rather than simply transferring something from his own imagination onto the canvas, the landscape is still exposed to the most overt idealization, strongly reinterpreted by the author, reflects the ideas about the beauty of a particular artist. In many ways, those are the traditions of creating landscapes and now. And why is this genre otherwise necessary in the era of photography?
Art articles. John Constable, Salisbury Cathedral. 1823
John Constable, Salisbury Cathedral. 1823
Let us mention the painters, whose works of art were bought by connoisseurs of painting.
The wonderful landscapes of Venice, made in the style of academism, were painted by an Italian artist from the 18th century, Canaletto (Giovanni Antonio Canal). His works are accurate in reproducing the architectural sights of this city on the water. Collectors from Britain especially loved to purchase his works.
Landscape painter from Britain John Constable admired the beauty of his fatherland and painted landscapes on canvas at the dawn of the nineteenth century. His works are romantic and create a lyrical mood.
The landscapes of the painter from France of the second half of the nineteenth century, Paul Signac, seem to be full of light and air.
Landscape painting is distinguished by the breadth of the subject, and is divided, in turn, into a number of branches – the urban landscape, the rural landscape, and the marina – the seascape. The works of this genre depict flora – vegetation, works of architecture and technology – for example, cars and marine vessels. There are natural phenomena there – it can rain or snow, float clouds. The heavenly bodies are also depicted – after all, the sun is shining on landscapes, and if the night is depicted, you can see the glow of the moon and the twinkling of stars. Not uncommon in the works of landscape painters images of people and animals. Pictures of painters, most marked by the skill of execution, transmit the wind of the wind, flying snow, the noise of trees, the splashing of the waves. In order to convey the beauty of nature, landscape artists need to have genuine talent and high professionalism.
Buy online works of art, including those made in the landscape genre, you can on the website Jose Art Gallery.